Advantages and Disadvantages of Thermal Printers

What are Printers? 

The printer usually is an external machine of the computer system that is helpful in the graphical representation of the content.

Printers come in a wide variety of collections with several types. There are distinct ranges and patterns of printers available in the market.

Personal printers are basic and initially designed for single users. The printers which come under personal printers are Virtual printer, Barcode printer, 3D printer, etc.

Nowadays, coming up with the latest technologies, the advanced printers replaced with personal printers, which are used extensively for several purposes.

Printers that appear below these printers are Liquid Inkjet printer, Dye-sub printer, LED printer, Thermal printer, and Thermal printer.

What are Thermal Printers? 

Thermal Printers are also known as direct thermal printers, which are utilized by just passing the heat to create an image.

It is not like other printers in the market which use ink or any toner, so it is also called Digital Printer.

The printing mechanism is also different than that of the other printers thermal printers exhibit the selective heating coat with thermochromic paper (Thermal Paper).

Working Mechanism of the Thermal Printers

Now that we have got to know What is Thermal printer let’s dive deeper to know about the working process.

The functional mechanism of the thermal printers is different from that of the ordinary printers available.

It follows a heating method where it undergoes a chemical reaction and forms a fine layer. The thermal printers are with a semiconductor printing head.

Once after getting the required amount of heat, it contacts the heat-sensitive paper and prints out the content/design.

It provides a unique type of dye that turns its colour and changes to black when heated to a specific temperature.

Usually, we have black and red colour generated. The working method is similar to that of the thermal Fax machines.

Why is the Thermal Printer Used?

These days, thermal printers are commonly used everywhere, in calculators, Wayfinding Markers, Fax machines, Shipping labels, Barcodes, Safety signs, and many more.

The thermal printers are used in several more places and industries that we may never think of being used.

These days, thermal printers are commonly used everywhere, in calculators, Wayfinding Markers, Fax machines, Shipping labels, Barcodes, Safety signs, and many more.

The thermal printers are used in several more places and industries that we may never think of being used.

The thermal printing technologies are helpful in several ways and some of them are listed below.

  • ATM
  • Lottery and Betting
  • Transport Business
  • Grocery Store/Super Markets
  • Health Care
  • Libraries

Different Types of Thermal Printers

Thermal Printers are categorized into two types: Direct Thermal and Thermal Transfer. Each of the types uses the thermal power in print heads to supply heat on the surface.

Direct Thermal: 

The Direct Thermal printer is the basic and first type of thermal printer. The chemical working method, incorporated in direct thermal printers.

This method of printing consists of the heat-sensitive medium when the heat is passed by the print heads, it darkens the colour.

The direct thermal printers do not make use of safety ribbons. Fax machines are the best example of direct thermal printers.

Thermal Transfer: 

Thermal Transfer is the second type of thermal printer, which uses a heated ribbon to have strong, long-lasting images/content on various substances.

These printers are directed to print within the fixed limits and generate the exact bar height and width.

The example of thermal transfer is Barcode printers as it produces high-quality and accurate images with an edge definition.

Features That You Should Know

Processing Speeds

Speed is one of the most crucial and top features that should be looked at when buying any machine. Investing in a thermal printer would save you time and money.

The thermal printers print the labels concurrently at the speed of up to 6 Inches/Sec. It reduces the chances of mismatching crucial documents.

As the speed of the printer is high, it also increases your productivity.

Network Connection

The network connectivity or the Wi-Fi connection is another major feature of thermal printers.

Configuration of the thermal printers to work over a Wi-Fi network is much useful. The printers which do not serve the wireless will have access to the built-in network opportunities.

Memory Card Compatibility

Memory card compatibility is the added feature of thermal printers. The memory card terms and conditions vary accordingly, so the users need to make sure that the memory card slots are compatible easily with the specific memory cards.

Printer Quality

Printer quality is one of the essential points that one should take care of. When we speak of the quality of the printer that means we are concerned about the resolution.

The Black and White printers come with the 2400×1200 and deliver high-quality prints. The colour printers come with 1200×1200 provides a standard quality of printouts.

A printer with a resolution of 4800×2400 produces extremely high-quality printouts.

Effortless Operation

One of the vital components of the thermal printers is Platen Rollers and Print heads, which are responsible for the quick and smart work.

Every functionality of these printers is auto-feed and performs each service effortlessly. The usage and handling of the thermal printers are quick and easy. It exhibits easy label loading and reduces downtime.

Here are some of the top thermal printers that you would have a look at:

  • Brother Professional Label Thermal Printer.
  • Everycom 80 mm Thermal Printer.
  • Wizzit POS USB Thermal Printer.
  • TSC DA 310 Desktop Direct Thermal Transfer.
  • 58 MM Portable Boxes Thermal Receipt Printer Machine.
  • Xprinter XP P300.
  • ATPOS 2 Inch 58mm USB Thermal Receipt Printer.
  • Hoin Bluetooth+USB Thermal printer.

Advantages of Thermal Printers

When talking about the advantages, we do have a wide range of benefits of the thermal printers.

It produces clear, high-quality, long-lasting images that make it more durable and standard.

The images generated by the thermal printers are crystal clear because it doesn’t make use of ink and is smudge-free. Below are some of the more advantages of thermal printers.

  • Excellent, crisp, Improved Print Quality 
  • High reliability
  • Easy handling
  • Lower maintenance costs
  • High-speed printing
  • High quality graphics/ logos
  • Easy paper loading
  • Manageable usage of fonts

Disadvantages of Thermal Printers

Below are some of the inconveniences faced during the usage of the thermal printers.

  • Don’t print colours as dynamically.
  • Replacement cost may be high
  • Labels may fade when exposed to direct sunlight.
  • It required more experimentation 
  • It can get hot and put out more ink than needed.


Due to the importance of technology, the printers have got so much popularity and usage. These days people rarely use Direct Printers and prefer to make use of Thermal Transfer Printers.

Thermal Transfer Printers increases the quality as it doesn’t make use of the ink/toner. Especially very useful for traceability and labels.

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